• Despite heavy rains, the SAPS managed to host a successful national athletics championship in Pretoria at the end of March 2018. Read about the events and the winners in Servamus: May 2018 from pp 52-54.

    Despite heavy rains, the SAPS managed to host a successful national athletics championship in Pretoria at the end of March 2018. Read about the events and the winners in Servamus: May 2018 from pp 52-54.

  • Part 2 of our Crime Series discussing the shocking events of how Christopher Panayiotou had his lovely wife, Jayde, killed. Read about his conviction and sentence in Servamus: May 2018 from pp 34-43.

    Part 2 of our Crime Series discussing the shocking events of how Christopher Panayiotou had his lovely wife, Jayde, killed. Read about his conviction and sentence in Servamus: May 2018 from pp 34-43.

  • On 26 March 2018, the Western Cape Department of Community Safety and the City of Cape Town recognised the top Neighbourhood Watch structures in the Cape Town Metropole for their contribution to fight crime. Read the article in Servamus: May 2018 from pp 46-49.

    On 26 March 2018, the Western Cape Department of Community Safety and the City of Cape Town recognised the top Neighbourhood Watch structures in the Cape Town Metropole for their contribution to fight crime. Read the article in Servamus: May 2018 from pp 46-49.

  • Children should be taught about road safety from an early start – but parents have an equally important responsibility to ensure that the transport their children use to school is safe and registered. Read our articles in Servamus: May 2018 from pp 56-59.

    Children should be taught about road safety from an early start – but parents have an equally important responsibility to ensure that the transport their children use to school is safe and registered. Read our articles in Servamus: May 2018 from pp 56-59.

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5

- Looking for a better future
By Kotie Geldenhuys

It is hot where Chuma has been hiding for hours behind a bush, observing the sandy riverbed and the bushes on the other side. He knows that once he makes it unnoticed through the dry riverbed, he will be in South Africa illegally and might be confronted by the police and even deported back to Zimbabwe. But to escape poverty and political instability in his home country, it is worth the risk. Maybe he will make it and find a good job and a better future.

There are many foreigners who enter South Africa illegally by crossing through porous borderlines, while many others enter by bribing border officials at ports of entry. Then there are those who are so desperate that they are willing to hide on boats and even planes to seek greener pastures in another country (see related article published from pp 40-47). Their illegal entrance into the country comes at a high cost and it is not always easy to police these illegal immigrants - who are referred to as undocumented foreign nationals.

How big is this problem?
The United Nations's Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) estimates that in 2015, there were more than 3.14 million international migrants living in South Africa. According to Statistics SA (Stats SA), 55 653 654 people were living in South Africa in 2016. Of these, 1.6 million were foreign-born migrants. This number equals 2.8% of South Africa's population (Chiumia, 2016). The majority of these migrants live in Gauteng, followed by the Western Cape (Meny-Gibert and Chiumia, 2017).

One of the reasons why it is difficult to find statistics on international migration is that undocumented foreign nationals (those without legal permission to be in the country) are likely not to be willing to participate in official surveys. Dr Sally Peberdy from the Southern African Migration Project (SAMP) network argues that the true number of undocumented foreign nationals in South Africa could be anything between one and two million people (Meny-Gibert and Chiumia, 2017). According to Stats SA, the figure for the number of foreign nationals living in this country was obtained with reference to the number of undocumented foreign nationals arrested and/or deported by the Department of Home Affairs and the SARS in 2011. However, these numbers exclude undocumented foreign nationals who could not be counted because they were not detected by the police, thus creating a challenge regarding accurate statistics of undocumented foreign nationals living in South Africa (Mabudusha, 2014). Bigger cities such as Johannesburg, Cape Town, Pretoria and Durban are often the preferred destination of undocumented foreign nationals. In August 2017, Johannesburg's mayor, Herman Mashaba, claimed that as many as 80% of inner city residents are undocumented foreigners (https://businesstech.co.za/news/business/192276/80-of-the-joburg-inner-city-residents-are-undocumented-foreigners-mayor).

The migration process
Mabudusha (2014) notes that some migration processes are influenced by the existing link between foreign nationals in the destination countries to which they are headed and those left behind in their countries of origin. Massey and Fussel (2004) argue that once the migration process begins, it increases in size by accumulating more new undocumented foreign nationals who were left behind and in turn, this forms a self-sustaining crew of undocumented foreign nationals known as "migrant networks" or "chains". The role of these networks is to facilitate the movement and survival of new undocumented foreign nationals in the destination country through the exchange of information with those left behind, as well as by providing accommodation, food and assistance to the new undocumented foreign nationals to establish themselves in the new living environment. Mabudusha (2014) explains that these undocumented foreign nationals’ networks are self-sustaining because the early arrivals pave the way for the oncoming groups and each new group is also expected to facilitate the movement of other newcomers. In this way, those who have been around longer establish themselves first and collect resources or social capital in order to support the migration process of the newcomers. As a result, the strength of the networks is dependent on the number of its members and the financial status of these members. Since cross-border movements are difficult for undocumented foreign nationals, these networks reduce potential risks and the costs that might be endured during travelling (De Haas, 2010).

******************************

[This is only an extract of an article published in Servamus: March 2018. The rest of the article explores the plight of unaccompanied and undocumented foreign minors; how undocumented foreign nationals are policed and their on South Africa; when these people are deported and legislation. To enquire how to obtain the rest of the article, contact Servamus’s offices at tel: (012) 345 4660 or send an e-mail to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.]

Servamus -May 2018

“Ever since the incident, I’ve never felt the same and my life is not normal."
By Kotie Geldenhuys
Imagine sending your children to a school where the teachers are armed with pistols?
By Annalise Kempen
“Every day do something that will inch you closer to a better tomorrow.” - Doug Firebaugh.
By Annalise Kempen
Social workers found Manny in the care of a Portuguese-speaking woman who was not his mother.
By Kotie Geldenhuys

Pollex - May 2018

Read More - S V DW 2017 (1) SACR 336 (NCK)
The accused, Mr DW, appeared before the magistrates’ court (apparently in the town of Kakamas, near Upington), on a charge of housebreaking with intent to commit an offence unknown to the prosecutor*.
Read More - S V MM 2018 (1) SACR 18 (GP)
Section 7 of the Child Justice Act 75 of 2008 (“the CJA”) provides as follows: “7. Minimum age of criminal capacity
Read More - NDPP v Mr PDP and Others 2017 (2) SACR 577 (NCK)
First, Pollex was told that only a person with a valid driving licence can be the owner of a motor vehicle, except when such person pays cash for the motor vehicle concerned.

Letters - May 2018

Lt-Col V G Naidoo, a retired police officer from Durban, received an honorary membership of the SAPS Athletics Association for his invaluable contribution to the sport over a number of years.
The Special Investigations Unit of the National Council of SPCAs has been strongly supported by the West Rand K9 Unit and has been assisted by some very dedicated and passionate police officials in their endeavours to bring the perpetrators of animal cruelty to justice.
Following the excellent investigation conducted by Capt Swanepoel, Adv Marius Stander, senior state advocate, wrote the following evaluation report in recognition of Capt Swanepoel's service and in order for him to be considered for an award.
May 2018 Magazine Cover

Servamus' Mission

Servamus is a community-based safety and security magazine for both members of the community as well as safety and security practitioners with the aim of increasing knowledge and sharing information, dedicated to improving their expertise, professionalism and service delivery standards. It promotes sound crime management practices, freedom of speech, education, training, information sharing and a networking platform.