• We are increasingly paying more attention to the damaging impact that environmental crime has on the environment and ecosystems, peace, security and development. Read the article in Servamus: September 2017 from pp 10 – 13.

    We are increasingly paying more attention to the damaging impact that environmental crime has on the environment and ecosystems, peace, security and development. Read the article in Servamus: September 2017 from pp 10 – 13.

  • Ever thought about the security risks associated with the illegal dumping of medical waste on dump sites in South Africa? We tell you more about prosecution and minimising the risk of cross-contamination. Read the article in Servamus: September 2017 from pp 34-35.

    Ever thought about the security risks associated with the illegal dumping of medical waste on dump sites in South Africa? We tell you more about prosecution and minimising the risk of cross-contamination. Read the article in Servamus: September 2017 from pp 34-35.

  • Did you know that there was a link between pollution and crime? We didn’t, until we researched the topic and found that exposure to toxic substances (including lead) was higher among violent criminals. Interesting! Read the article in Servamus: September 2017 from pp 31 – 33.

    Did you know that there was a link between pollution and crime? We didn’t, until we researched the topic and found that exposure to toxic substances (including lead) was higher among violent criminals. Interesting! Read the article in Servamus: September 2017 from pp 31 – 33.

  • Following a spate of criminal incidents around the OR Tambo International Airport, the Minister of Police unveiled the integrated multi-disciplinary tactical security plan for this national key point. Read the article in Servamus: September 2017 from pp 50-51.

    Following a spate of criminal incidents around the OR Tambo International Airport, the Minister of Police unveiled the integrated multi-disciplinary tactical security plan for this national key point. Read the article in Servamus: September 2017 from pp 50-51.

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- A death sentence
Compiled by Kotie Geldenhuys

When we throw something into the garbage bin, we seldom think about its destination. All the discarded plastic bags, broken cellphones and televisions, used batteries and bulbs, glass bottles and old stoves contribute in some way to environmental pollution. When broken down, however, this waste is potentially hazardous since harmful toxins are released into the air and surrounding soil and ground water.

Waste covers a wide spectrum of discarded materials including municipal waste, electrical and electronic waste; industrial and agricultural waste; and new types of waste such as counterfeit pesticides. It includes anything ranging in size and scale from decommissioned ships, oil or liquid waste and millions of cellphones to billions of used car tyres.

Aldag (Nd) explains that dust from the remains of the World Trade Centre buildings that were destroyed during the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in New York were found to contain mercury, lead, dioxin and asbestos. Three Superfund toxic waste sites in and around New Orleans were flooded in 2005 by Hurricane Katrina, and toxic waste was found in debris deposited throughout the flooded area. The devastating Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami of December 2004 stirred up and dispersed vast amounts of toxic waste, including radioactive waste, lead, heavy metals and hospital waste across the Indian Ocean basin. The tsunami that struck Japan in 2011 resulted in the Fukushima nuclear accident where vast amounts of irradiated water were released into the Pacific Ocean.

Types of waste

The National Environmental Management: Waste Amendment Act 26 of 2014 divides waste into two groups based on the risk posed, namely:

  • General waste - this does not pose an immediate hazard or threat to human health or the environment. It includes domestic waste; building and demolition waste; business waste; inert waste; or any waste classified as non-hazardous waste in terms of the regulations made under section 69 of Act 26 of 2014, and includes non-hazardous substances, materials or objects within the business, domestic, inert or building and demolition wastes.
  • Hazardous waste - this is any waste that contains organic or inorganic elements or compounds that may have a detrimental impact on human health and the environment. It includes waste that contains organic or inorganic elements or compounds that may, owing to the inherent physical, chemical or toxicological characteristics of that waste, have a detrimental impact on human health and the environment and includes hazardous substances, materials or objects within business waste, residue deposits and residue stockpiles. It includes:
    • Gaseous waste
    • Mercury containing waste (liquid and solid)
    • Batteries
    • Persistent organic pollutants (POP) waste
    • Inorganic waste
    • Asbestos containing waste
    • Waste oils
    • Organic halogenated and/or sulphur containing solvents/waste
    • Organic solvents/waste without halogens and sulphur
    • Mineral waste
    • e-Waste
    • Health care risk waste
      (www.iwmsa.co.za/frequently-asked-questions).

According to the Basel Convention (see below), hazardous waste is an umbrella term for poisonous by-products of manufacturing, farming, city septic systems, construction, automotive garages, laboratories, hospitals and other industries. The waste may be in liquid, solid, or sludge form and contain chemicals, heavy metals, radiation, dangerous pathogens, or other toxins. It even includes household-generated hazardous waste from items such as batteries, used computer equipment and leftover paints or pesticides (www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/toxic-waste). By throwing a broken/unused cellphone into a garbage bin, we expose the earth to lead, mercury and plastic, creating environmental problems.

..............................

[This is only an extract of an article published on pp 24-30 in Servamus: September 2017. The rest of this article looks at the different types of waste and their impact; as well as electronic (e-waste) and how that is illegally trafficked. Have you thought that there could be a link between waste and organised crime or made recycling a priority? We give some tips. Contact Servamus’s offices to request the rest of this interesting article by sending an e-mail to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or by phoning (012) 345 4660/22.]

Servamus - September 2017

In June 2017, two Chinese nationals were removed from an Istanbul-bound plane just before take-off at OR Tambo International Airport in Gauteng.
By Kotie Geldenhuys
Elephants are hunted for their ivory and rhinos for their horns. Pangolins, lions and leopards are killed for the muti trade.
By Kotie Geldenhuys
It is a hot, peaceful summer's day in Africa. A herd of elephants is peacefully feeding on small bushes and trees on one of the plains while the persistent and deafening drone of the cicadas pulses through the air.
By Kotie Geldenhuys
When we throw something into the garbage bin, we seldom think about its destination. All the discarded plastic bags, broken cellphones and televisions, used batteries and bulbs, glass bottles and old stoves contribute in some way to environmental pollution.
By Kotie Geldenhuys

Pollex - September 2017

Read More - Director of Public Prosecutions, Western Cape v Parker 2015 (2) SACR 109 (SCA)
Step-in-Time Supermarket CC*, a registered Value-Added Tax (VAT) vendor (Afrikaans: “ondernemer”), and Mr Parker, its sole representative, were charged in the regional court in Bellville in the Cape Peninsula on a number of counts under the Income Tax Act 58 of 1962 and the Value-Added Tax Act 89 of 1991 (the VAT Act) respectively.
Read More - S V Mandlozi 2015 (2) SACR 258 (FB)
Ms Lindiwe Mandlozi, also known as Leopoldina Maconze (hereinafter referred to as the accused), was convicted before the regional court in Kroonstad in the Free State (the trial court) of contravention of section 5(b) of the Drugs and Drug Trafficking Act 140 of 1992, read together with certain specified provisions thereof.
Read More - S V Mukuyu 2017 (2) SACR 27 (GJ)
Section 51(2)(a)(i) of the Criminal Law Amendment Act 105 of 1997 (“Act 105 of 1997”) provides as follows: “51. Discretionary minimum sentences for certain serious offences
In a publication unrelated to Servamus, Pollex recently remarked as follows as far as Act 60 of 2000 is concerned:

Letters - September 2017

Two former police officers, viz Capt Saravanan Govender and Raju Ellapen, were honoured, appreciated and recognised for the enormous contributions and life-changing experiences they imparted into the lives of thousands of Indian policemen and -women at both the Wentworth and Chatsworth Indian Police Colleges.
The SAPS does not always get a good rap so I would like to commend your members on the dealings we had with them.
The National Council of SPCAs (NSPCA) would like to express our gratitude to members of Ladysmith and QwaQwa SAPS for their assistance with a donkey case recently handled by the NSPCA.
On Saturday 15 July 2017, at around 19:00, I was off duty and took my family to pick up a few things from a café in Swartruggens near the N4, using my private vehicle.
I’m extremely thankful to W/O Van Graan and his two colleagues, W/O Bothma and Sgt Manus from K9 Breede River Worcester, for “saving my life” following an incident on 4 July 2017.
September 2017 Magazine Cover

Servamus' Mission

Servamus is a community-based safety and security magazine for both members of the community as well as safety and security practitioners with the aim of increasing knowledge and sharing information, dedicated to improving their expertise, professionalism and service delivery standards. It promotes sound crime management practices, freedom of speech, education, training, information sharing and a networking platform.