• Each year we pay tribute to the heroes in blue who have paid the highest price. This year was no exception. We tell you a short story about each of these latest heroes – refer to our article published from p 32 in the October 2017 issue of Servamus.

    Each year we pay tribute to the heroes in blue who have paid the highest price. This year was no exception. We tell you a short story about each of these latest heroes – refer to our article published from p 32 in the October 2017 issue of Servamus.

  • The weather has caused havoc in large parts of the world in recent times – resulting a huge loss of lives. Ever thought about how you would react during a disaster? Read our article published from p 14 in the October 2017 issue of Servamus.

    The weather has caused havoc in large parts of the world in recent times – resulting a huge loss of lives. Ever thought about how you would react during a disaster? Read our article published from p 14 in the October 2017 issue of Servamus.

  • When a disaster strikes, the affected community is dependent on men and women who are willing to leave everything at home to search for survivors and treat the injured. Such are the men and women from Rescue SA – we tell you more about these heroes in our article published from p 22 in the October 2017 issue of Servamus.

    When a disaster strikes, the affected community is dependent on men and women who are willing to leave everything at home to search for survivors and treat the injured. Such are the men and women from Rescue SA – we tell you more about these heroes in our article published from p 22 in the October 2017 issue of Servamus.

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- A death sentence
Compiled by Kotie Geldenhuys

When we throw something into the garbage bin, we seldom think about its destination. All the discarded plastic bags, broken cellphones and televisions, used batteries and bulbs, glass bottles and old stoves contribute in some way to environmental pollution. When broken down, however, this waste is potentially hazardous since harmful toxins are released into the air and surrounding soil and ground water.

Waste covers a wide spectrum of discarded materials including municipal waste, electrical and electronic waste; industrial and agricultural waste; and new types of waste such as counterfeit pesticides. It includes anything ranging in size and scale from decommissioned ships, oil or liquid waste and millions of cellphones to billions of used car tyres.

Aldag (Nd) explains that dust from the remains of the World Trade Centre buildings that were destroyed during the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in New York were found to contain mercury, lead, dioxin and asbestos. Three Superfund toxic waste sites in and around New Orleans were flooded in 2005 by Hurricane Katrina, and toxic waste was found in debris deposited throughout the flooded area. The devastating Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami of December 2004 stirred up and dispersed vast amounts of toxic waste, including radioactive waste, lead, heavy metals and hospital waste across the Indian Ocean basin. The tsunami that struck Japan in 2011 resulted in the Fukushima nuclear accident where vast amounts of irradiated water were released into the Pacific Ocean.

Types of waste

The National Environmental Management: Waste Amendment Act 26 of 2014 divides waste into two groups based on the risk posed, namely:

  • General waste - this does not pose an immediate hazard or threat to human health or the environment. It includes domestic waste; building and demolition waste; business waste; inert waste; or any waste classified as non-hazardous waste in terms of the regulations made under section 69 of Act 26 of 2014, and includes non-hazardous substances, materials or objects within the business, domestic, inert or building and demolition wastes.
  • Hazardous waste - this is any waste that contains organic or inorganic elements or compounds that may have a detrimental impact on human health and the environment. It includes waste that contains organic or inorganic elements or compounds that may, owing to the inherent physical, chemical or toxicological characteristics of that waste, have a detrimental impact on human health and the environment and includes hazardous substances, materials or objects within business waste, residue deposits and residue stockpiles. It includes:
    • Gaseous waste
    • Mercury containing waste (liquid and solid)
    • Batteries
    • Persistent organic pollutants (POP) waste
    • Inorganic waste
    • Asbestos containing waste
    • Waste oils
    • Organic halogenated and/or sulphur containing solvents/waste
    • Organic solvents/waste without halogens and sulphur
    • Mineral waste
    • e-Waste
    • Health care risk waste
      (www.iwmsa.co.za/frequently-asked-questions).

According to the Basel Convention (see below), hazardous waste is an umbrella term for poisonous by-products of manufacturing, farming, city septic systems, construction, automotive garages, laboratories, hospitals and other industries. The waste may be in liquid, solid, or sludge form and contain chemicals, heavy metals, radiation, dangerous pathogens, or other toxins. It even includes household-generated hazardous waste from items such as batteries, used computer equipment and leftover paints or pesticides (www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/toxic-waste). By throwing a broken/unused cellphone into a garbage bin, we expose the earth to lead, mercury and plastic, creating environmental problems.

..............................

[This is only an extract of an article published on pp 24-30 in Servamus: September 2017. The rest of this article looks at the different types of waste and their impact; as well as electronic (e-waste) and how that is illegally trafficked. Have you thought that there could be a link between waste and organised crime or made recycling a priority? We give some tips. Contact Servamus’s offices to request the rest of this interesting article by sending an e-mail to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or by phoning (012) 345 4660/22.]

Servamus - October 2017

Whenever a disaster strikes, such as the fires that resulted in massive destruction in Knysna during June 2017, an earthquake in Italy or a tsunami in Japan, thousands of people need help.
By Kotie Geldenhuys
June 2017: Knysna and its surrounding areas - devastating fires. August 2017: Houston, Texas - extreme floods.
By Annalise Kempen
On 11 March 2011 at 14:46, an 8.9-magnitude earthquake, so powerful that it shifted the earth on its axis by 10 cm, struck Japan.
By Kotie Geldenhuys
"In many countries, climate change is magnifying risks and increasing the cost of disasters, a trend seen in South Africa given the current drought, the severe weather events and flooding experienced each year."
By Kotie Geldenhuys

Pollex - October 2017

There are two recent reported cases regarding all the dos and the don'ts regarding extradition (Afrikaans: "uitlewering").
Read More - S V Sebofi 2015 (2) SACR 179 (GJ)
Mr Sebofi (the accused) was convicted on two counts of rape by the regional court in Roodepoort (the trial court), and sentenced to life incarceration.
Read More - Chala and Others v Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP), KwaZulu-Natal and Another 2015 (2) SACR 283 (KZP)
The proviso (Afrikaans: “voorbehoud”) to section 93ter(1) of the Magistrates’ Court Act 32 of 1944 provides as follows:
Read More - S V Tladi and Others 2016 (1) SACR 424 (GP)
The three accused persons in this case were each convicted in the regional court (“the trial court”) on one count of kidnapping and one count of rape.
Read More - S V Masoka and Another 2015 (2) SACR 268 (ECP)
Two accused persons were standing trial before the magistrates’ court in Humansdorp in the Eastern Cape on a charge of robbery.

Letters - October 2017

Hierdie jaar het vir ons twee broers met baie nuwe uitdagings begin. Ons het in Januarie ons 50ste verjaarsdag in Namibië gaan vier en as ons gedink het dat dit die hoogtepunt was, lê daar toe ‘n baie groter uitdaging op ons pad.
Between 14 and 18 August 2017, members of Westville SAPS competed in the KZN Rock and Surf angling competition held near the Wild Coast bridge, Port Edward.
It saddens me that every year South African Police Service members continue to succumb to the brutal onslaught on their lives.
October 2017 Magazine Cover

Servamus' Mission

Servamus is a community-based safety and security magazine for both members of the community as well as safety and security practitioners with the aim of increasing knowledge and sharing information, dedicated to improving their expertise, professionalism and service delivery standards. It promotes sound crime management practices, freedom of speech, education, training, information sharing and a networking platform.