• Each year we pay tribute to the heroes in blue who have paid the highest price. This year was no exception. We tell you a short story about each of these latest heroes – refer to our article published from p 32 in the October 2017 issue of Servamus.

    Each year we pay tribute to the heroes in blue who have paid the highest price. This year was no exception. We tell you a short story about each of these latest heroes – refer to our article published from p 32 in the October 2017 issue of Servamus.

  • The weather has caused havoc in large parts of the world in recent times – resulting a huge loss of lives. Ever thought about how you would react during a disaster? Read our article published from p 14 in the October 2017 issue of Servamus.

    The weather has caused havoc in large parts of the world in recent times – resulting a huge loss of lives. Ever thought about how you would react during a disaster? Read our article published from p 14 in the October 2017 issue of Servamus.

  • When a disaster strikes, the affected community is dependent on men and women who are willing to leave everything at home to search for survivors and treat the injured. Such are the men and women from Rescue SA – we tell you more about these heroes in our article published from p 22 in the October 2017 issue of Servamus.

    When a disaster strikes, the affected community is dependent on men and women who are willing to leave everything at home to search for survivors and treat the injured. Such are the men and women from Rescue SA – we tell you more about these heroes in our article published from p 22 in the October 2017 issue of Servamus.

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By Kotie Geldenhuys

Elephants are hunted for their ivory and rhinos for their horns. Pangolins, lions and leopards are killed for the muti trade. Cycads are removed from the veld and replanted in the gardens of wealthy home owners. Trees are cut down and fish sources are exploited. All over the world environmental crime is a serious problem which, in the past, seldom got the attention it deserves.

Fortunately, environmental crime has in recent years been receiving global attention due to its serious and damaging impact on the environment and ecosystems, as well as on peace, security and development. Environmental crimes, including the illegal mining of gold, diamonds, illegal unreported and unregulated fishing and trafficking in hazardous waste also undermine legal commerce and rob developing countries of an estimated $91 to $259 billion every year. Tax revenue from these activities could have been used to build schools, invest in infrastructure, provide health care and develop business (Nelleman et al, 2016).

The term “environmental crime” encompasses the illegal trade in wildlife, as well as forestry and fishery crimes, illegal dumping of waste including chemicals, the smuggling of ozone-depleting substances and illegal mining. Nelleman et al (2014) state that transnational organised environmental crime involves primarily five key areas:
Illegal logging and deforestation: these activities have an estimated worth of between $30 and $100 billion annually, or 10 to 30% of the total global timber trade. An estimated 50 to 90% of the timber in some individual tropical countries is suspected to come from illegal sources or has been logged illegally (www.unep.org/newscentre/illegal-trade-wildlife-and-timber-products-finances-criminal-and-militia-groups-threatening-security).

  • Illegal fisheries: the haul from illegal fishing is estimated to be worth more than $23 billion annually (Hill, 2016).
  • Illegal mining and trade in minerals, including conflict diamonds.
  • Illegal dumping of and trade in hazardous and toxic waste.
  • Illegal trade in and poaching of wildlife and plants which is estimated to be worth between $70 and $213 billion a year (www.poachingfacts.com).

Environmental impact
Environmental crime has a negative impact on ecosystems and the environment as a whole. Illegal mining, for example, is not limited to the illegal extraction of resources; it also has a severe environmental impact, whether from mercury pollution from artisanal gold mining (Nelleman et al, 2016) or the destruction of natural flora and fauna and the changing of landscapes due to illegal mining.

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[This is only an extract of an article published on pp 10-12 in Servamus: September 2017. The rest of this article looks at, among others, the financial crime links; how criminality and terrorism are financed and how the lack of legislation and law enforcement contribute to organised transnational environmental crime. Contact Servamus’s offices to request the rest of this interesting article by sending an e-mail to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or by phoning (012) 345 4660/22.]

Servamus - October 2017

Whenever a disaster strikes, such as the fires that resulted in massive destruction in Knysna during June 2017, an earthquake in Italy or a tsunami in Japan, thousands of people need help.
By Kotie Geldenhuys
June 2017: Knysna and its surrounding areas - devastating fires. August 2017: Houston, Texas - extreme floods.
By Annalise Kempen
On 11 March 2011 at 14:46, an 8.9-magnitude earthquake, so powerful that it shifted the earth on its axis by 10 cm, struck Japan.
By Kotie Geldenhuys
"In many countries, climate change is magnifying risks and increasing the cost of disasters, a trend seen in South Africa given the current drought, the severe weather events and flooding experienced each year."
By Kotie Geldenhuys

Pollex - October 2017

There are two recent reported cases regarding all the dos and the don'ts regarding extradition (Afrikaans: "uitlewering").
Read More - S V Sebofi 2015 (2) SACR 179 (GJ)
Mr Sebofi (the accused) was convicted on two counts of rape by the regional court in Roodepoort (the trial court), and sentenced to life incarceration.
Read More - Chala and Others v Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP), KwaZulu-Natal and Another 2015 (2) SACR 283 (KZP)
The proviso (Afrikaans: “voorbehoud”) to section 93ter(1) of the Magistrates’ Court Act 32 of 1944 provides as follows:
Read More - S V Tladi and Others 2016 (1) SACR 424 (GP)
The three accused persons in this case were each convicted in the regional court (“the trial court”) on one count of kidnapping and one count of rape.
Read More - S V Masoka and Another 2015 (2) SACR 268 (ECP)
Two accused persons were standing trial before the magistrates’ court in Humansdorp in the Eastern Cape on a charge of robbery.

Letters - October 2017

Hierdie jaar het vir ons twee broers met baie nuwe uitdagings begin. Ons het in Januarie ons 50ste verjaarsdag in Namibië gaan vier en as ons gedink het dat dit die hoogtepunt was, lê daar toe ‘n baie groter uitdaging op ons pad.
Between 14 and 18 August 2017, members of Westville SAPS competed in the KZN Rock and Surf angling competition held near the Wild Coast bridge, Port Edward.
It saddens me that every year South African Police Service members continue to succumb to the brutal onslaught on their lives.
October 2017 Magazine Cover

Servamus' Mission

Servamus is a community-based safety and security magazine for both members of the community as well as safety and security practitioners with the aim of increasing knowledge and sharing information, dedicated to improving their expertise, professionalism and service delivery standards. It promotes sound crime management practices, freedom of speech, education, training, information sharing and a networking platform.