• In what ways did the lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic impact on the illegal drug trade? We explore how traders changed their modi operandi in an article published from p14 in Servamus: June 2022.

  • Dogs are known for their excellent sense of smell. Read our article published from p30 in Servamus: June 2022 about how a South African company has trained dogs to also detect COVID-19.

  • The floods of April 2022 caused havoc and death in KwaZulu-Natal. Fortunately, hundreds of search and rescue specialists used their skills to help search for those who were in need. Refer to an article published from p36 in Servamus: June 2022.

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- S v Justin Pierre Rautenbach Case No: SS 40/2006, High Court, Johannesburg, dated 24 December 2020 (GSJ)

Mr Justin Pierre Rautenbach, the accused, was convicted before a single judge of the High Court in Johannesburg (“the trial judge”) of (1) the murder of his father; (2) illegal possession of drugs; (3) three counts of theft of items belonging to his late father; (4) unlawful possession of a firearm; and (5) unlawful possession of ammunition.

The trial judge sentenced the accused to an effective sentence of 18 years’ incarceration with a further six months’ incarceration conditionally suspended for five years.

The judgment by the trial judge is reported as S v Rautenbach 2014 (1) SACR 1 (GSJ).

This case arose from the death of the accused’s father (“the deceased”) on the night of 18 December 2011. His body was found in the garage of their house. The deceased had been shot with his own .303 rifle. The bullet passed through the palette in an upward trajectory (flight path) which meant that the barrel (Afrikaans: “geweerloop”) of the rifle was in the deceased’s mouth when the shot was fired. Accordingly, the main issue in respect of the murder charge was whether the cause of death arose from the bullet wound and, if so, whether the deceased had placed the rifle there himself and taken his own life (committed suicide), or whether the accused had killed (murdered) the deceased?

The accused was not impressed with his convictions, as well as with the sentences imposed upon him. In the result, he appealed against it to the same High Court in Johannesburg where the appeal was heard before a full bench of three judges (“the appeal judges”).

After hearing the appeal, the appeal judges delivered their judgment consisting of 52 pages and 165 paragraphs. Of importance (and of interest) to readers of this column, are paragraphs 86 to 95 of the appeal judges’ judgment where they unanimously (all three judges concurring) remarked as follows:

The autopsy

86. The penetrating bullet wound through the palette in an upward direction, described as a “burst head” wound, was not the only injury noted in the autopsy report. It was one of five wounds that were noted. The report was admitted into evidence by agreement thereby rendering it unnecessary for the pathologist to testify or explain his report.


[This is only an extract of an article published in Pollex in Servamus: April 2022. If you are interested in reading the rest of the article, send an e-mail to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. to find out what you need to do. Ed.]

Servamus - June 2022

According to the World Drug Report for 2021, as released by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), drug use resulted in the deaths of almost half a million people in 2019 (UNODC, 2021).
By Kotie Geldenhuys
In December 2011, 38-year-old Janice Bronwyn Linden from Durban was executed in China.
By Kotie Geldenhuys
WhatsApp and Telegram have become popular tools to send messages quickly and at almost no cost.
By Annalise Kempen
We all know someone who has been struggling with an addiction - ranging from prescription medication to illegal drugs, alcohol to gambling or even shopping.
Compiled by Annalise Kempen

Pollex - June 2022

Section 304(4) of the Criminal Procedure Act 51 of 1977 (“the CPA”) provides as follows:
Read More - S v Essop (Case no 432/2020) [2021] ZASCA 66 (1 June 2021) (SCA)
Mr Aadiel Essop, the accused, pleaded guilty before the regional court (“the trial court”) on 45 counts of contravening section 24B(1)(a) of the Films and Publications Act 65 of 1996 (hereinafter referred to as the “Publications Act”), as well as one count of common law kidnapping (Afrikaans: “gemenereg menseroof”).
Read More - Minister of Justice (First Appellant) and Minister of Police (Second Appellant) v Masia 2021 (2) SACR 425 (GP)
Picture the following: On 6 August 2013, Mr Thabo Toka Mack Masia (hereinafter referred to as “Masia”) presented himself by appointment at the Atteridgeville Magistrates’ Court in Pretoria before a maintenance (“papgeld”) officer for an enquiry in terms of the Maintenance Act 99 of 1998 pertaining to the maintenance of his minor child.
Read More - S v Albro Mclean. Case no: (A112/21) [2021] ZAWCHC158 High Court Cape Town dated 12 August 2021 and 2021(2) SACR 437 (WCC)
Mr Albro Mclean, the accused, was convicted of rape in the Wynberg regional court in the Cape Peninsula whereupon he was sentenced to life incarceration.

Letters - June 2022

On Monday 9 May 2022, the National Commissioner of the SAPS, Gen Fannie Masemola along with members of his management team conducted a site visit at the joint operational centre (JOC) for search and rescue teams at the Virginia Airport in Durban.
Saturday 14 May 2022 was to be yet another day of search, rescue and recovery operations in the disaster areas of KwaZulu-Natal following the flood devastation a few weeks earlier.
June Magazine Cover

Servamus' Mission

Servamus is a community-based safety and security magazine for both members of the community as well as safety and security practitioners with the aim of increasing knowledge and sharing information, dedicated to improving their expertise, professionalism and service delivery standards. It promotes sound crime management practices, freedom of speech, education, training, information sharing and a networking platform.