• Extreme weather has led to more frequent flooding. Our article published from p27 in Servamus: January 2022 look at which emergency services are involved during such disasters and give tips to stay safe.

  • Large parts of South Africa have suffered a severe drought for more than 6 years. Our article published from p30 in Servamus: January 2022 look at the impact of droughts on our lives; diseases during droughts and provide tips to save water.

  • Do you know what to do in case of a hazmat incident or vehicle crash? We provide valuable tips on what to do in such cases in our article published from p37 in Servamus: January 2022.

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- Mxolisi Mananga and Others v Minister of Police (Case no 342/2020) [2021] ZASCA 71 (4 June 2021) (SCA)

Relevant legal provisions
Section 40(1)(b) of the Criminal Procedure Act 51 of 1977 (“the CPA”) provides as follows:

“40. Arrest by peace officer* without warrant

(1) A peace officer may without warrant arrest any person -

(a) …

(b) who he or she reasonably suspects of having committed an offence referred to in Schedule 1 [of this CPA], other than the offence of escaping from lawful custody;

(c) to (q) …

(2) …”

(Emphasis added and words in square brackets inserted by Pollex.)

Schedule 1 of the CPA referred to supra provides, for as far as it is relevant to this discussion, as follows:

“Assault, when a dangerous wound is inflicted.” In the Afrikaans text: “Aanranding, wanneer ‘n gevaarlike wond toegedien word.”*

On p129 of Criminal Law, fifth edition by Snyman, as published by LexisNexis, the learned author Snyman defines the ground of justification of “official capacity* as follows:

“An act which would otherwise be unlawful is justified if X is entitled to perform it by virtue of the office he or she holds, provided it is performed in the execution of his or her duties. For this reason, the clerk whose duty it is to look after the exhibits in court cases is not guilty of the unlawful possession of drugs which are exhibits in a court case; the official whose duty it is to confiscate liquor or a dangerous weapon in terms of a court order does not commit malicious injury to property, and the police official who searches an arrested or suspected criminal does not commit assault or crimen injuria.”

On 15 March 2015, in the district of Cofimvaba*, Mr Ncedile Duel Sambunjana (hereinafter referred to as the complainant) was allegedly assaulted by a number of assailants, including Messrs Mxolisi Mananga, Thando Ngqoyi and Mava Mananga (hereinafter collectively referred to as the appellants). The complainant was severely beaten and sustained, inter alia, five lacerations on his head and a fractured wrist*.

As a result of these injuries the complainant proceeded first to the nearby clinic to seek medical assistance, from where he was transported by ambulance to the Covimvaba Hospital. There his head wounds were sutured (Afrikaans: “toegewerk/vasgeheg”) whereafter he was transported to a hospital in East London for the assessment of his wrist. At the East London Hospital his wrist was immobilised in a plaster of Paris before he was again returned to Covimvaba. In Covimvaba, he was admitted and kept in hospital until 19 March 2015. Upon his discharge, he proceeded first to a doctor to obtain a J88 medical report, and then to the SAPS in order to lay a charge of assault with intent to do grievous bodily harm (hereinafter referred to as “assault GBH”). Accordingly, a police case docket was opened in which the complainant recorded the events supra and in which he identified his assailants.

Civil claims against the Minister of Police in the High Court in Mthatha
Not satisfied with their arrests, the appellants sued the Minister of Police (as the employer of W/O Qunta) for damages in respect of wrongful and unlawful arrests, before the High Court in Mthatha. The Minister admitted that the appellants were arrested without a warrant, but denied that it was wrongful and unlawful. According to the Minister, the arrests had been effected “in terms of section 40(1)(b) of the CPA supra, as they (the appellants) were [reasonably] suspected of having committed an offence referred to in Schedule 1 of the CPA namely, “assault, where a dangerous wound is inflicted” (see supra). As the High Court accepted the Minister’s defence, it gave judgment in favour of the Minister.


[This is only an extract of an article published in Pollex in Servamus: November 2021. If you are interested in reading the rest of the article, send an e-mail to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. to find out what you need to do. Ed.]

Servamus - January 2021

In Servamus: December 2021, I discussed how the killing or injuring of a human being may be justified in terms of our common law.
By Adv John I Welch
For many South Africans the word “disaster” became a reality in March 2020 when the President of the country, Mr Cyril Ramaphosa addressed the nation in the first of many “family meetings” to follow when he announced the country’s first lockdown.
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Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, fires, floods and hurricanes are damaging events that change the lives of people within no time.
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Each year during the dry season, which for the largest part of the country is the winter months, authorities warn us about our behaviour about making fire.
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Pollex - January 2022

- S v Tilayi appeal case no: CA 22/2020 High Court Mthatha dated 9 March 2021 and 2021 (2) SACR 350 (ECM)
Mr Mbiyozo Zanodumo Tilayi, the accused, was convicted during a summary trial before the High Court in Mthatha (“the trial court”) of the following offences:
Read More - Messrs (1) Sechaba Seloana; (2) Mmuso Seloana; and (3) Abraham Itumeleng Popa v (1) The Director of Public Prosecutions [for the Free State Province] [DPP]; (2) National Director of Public Prosecutions [NDPP]; and (3) the Presiding Magistrate in the Welkom District Magistrates’ Court case no: 4019/2020 High Court Bloemfontein dated 24 August 2021 (FB)
Relevant, applicable legal provisions Section 75 of the Criminal Procedure Act 51 of 1977 (“the CPA”) provides as follows:

Letters - January 2022

NAME: W/O L Zandberg STATION: Pretoria Central Magistrates’ Court
During October 2021, my husband and I were on holiday but got stranded 10 km before Jansenville in the Eastern Cape with flat tyres.
January Magazine Cover

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Servamus is a community-based safety and security magazine for both members of the community as well as safety and security practitioners with the aim of increasing knowledge and sharing information, dedicated to improving their expertise, professionalism and service delivery standards. It promotes sound crime management practices, freedom of speech, education, training, information sharing and a networking platform.