• In what ways did the lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic impact on the illegal drug trade? We explore how traders changed their modi operandi in an article published from p14 in Servamus: June 2022.

  • Dogs are known for their excellent sense of smell. Read our article published from p30 in Servamus: June 2022 about how a South African company has trained dogs to also detect COVID-19.

  • The floods of April 2022 caused havoc and death in KwaZulu-Natal. Fortunately, hundreds of search and rescue specialists used their skills to help search for those who were in need. Refer to an article published from p36 in Servamus: June 2022.

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Compiled by Annalise Kempen

We all know someone who has been struggling with an addiction - ranging from prescription medication to illegal drugs, alcohol to gambling or even shopping. When that addict is a sibling, a direct family member or a parent, it is often much more difficult to explain the addiction to the children - even though it is vital to be honest throughout the process if we want to maintain some form of respect and trust and ensure that the relationship will continue in future.

Difference between abuse and addiction
When it comes to substances, we often use the terms abuse and addiction interchangeably - without considering that there is a slight difference. Someone might abuse a substance, such as alcohol, without being addicted to it - for example when a person binge drinks over weekends, but goes without drinking a drop of alcohol in the following weeks. Or, if someone is smoking dagga regularly during the week, it does not mean that she or he has an addiction, although it means that she or he is abusing the drug, which can lead to an addiction. Addiction therefore means that a person has no control over whether he or she uses a drug or alcohol or sniffs glue. A person who is addicted to cocaine or alcohol has grown so used to that substance that he or she has to have it. Addiction can be physical, psychological or both (kidshealth.org, nd).

The Cape Town Drug Counselling Centre (CTDCC) (nd) explains that addiction is a chronic illness which must be understood and managed on a lifelong basis. It is not about weak morals, poor self-discipline, bad behaviour or a character defect, but rather an inability to consistently control the use of mood- or mind-altering substances. Whereas non-addicts can have a glass of wine at a dinner party, an addict is likely to use more than planned, and in a self-harming way, whenever they use the substance(s) they are addicted to. Addiction is a progressive illness where the amount and the consequences of what they use increase over time. Using that which they are addicted to, such as alcohol or drugs, will become their priority over other responsibilities and people in their lives.

Physical addiction
When someone is physically addicted, it means that person’s body has become dependent on a particular substance (it may even be cigarettes as some people are addicted to smoking). It further means that the person has built a tolerance for that substance, necessitating them to use a larger dose than before to get the same effect. When someone with a physical addiction stops using that substance, they are likely to experience physical withdrawal symptoms which can include diarrhoea, shaking and a general awful feeling (kidshealth.org).

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[This is an extract of an article published in Servamus: June 2022. If you are interested in reading the rest of this month’s Community Safety Tips in which we also discuss psychological addiction, dealing with a parent with an addiction, the importance of communication and where we provide advice for children and valuable contact details for help with addiction and support, send an e-mail to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. to find out what you need to do to access the article. Ed.]

Servamus - June 2022

According to the World Drug Report for 2021, as released by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), drug use resulted in the deaths of almost half a million people in 2019 (UNODC, 2021).
By Kotie Geldenhuys
In December 2011, 38-year-old Janice Bronwyn Linden from Durban was executed in China.
By Kotie Geldenhuys
WhatsApp and Telegram have become popular tools to send messages quickly and at almost no cost.
By Annalise Kempen
We all know someone who has been struggling with an addiction - ranging from prescription medication to illegal drugs, alcohol to gambling or even shopping.
Compiled by Annalise Kempen

Pollex - June 2022

Section 304(4) of the Criminal Procedure Act 51 of 1977 (“the CPA”) provides as follows:
Read More - S v Essop (Case no 432/2020) [2021] ZASCA 66 (1 June 2021) (SCA)
Mr Aadiel Essop, the accused, pleaded guilty before the regional court (“the trial court”) on 45 counts of contravening section 24B(1)(a) of the Films and Publications Act 65 of 1996 (hereinafter referred to as the “Publications Act”), as well as one count of common law kidnapping (Afrikaans: “gemenereg menseroof”).
Read More - Minister of Justice (First Appellant) and Minister of Police (Second Appellant) v Masia 2021 (2) SACR 425 (GP)
Picture the following: On 6 August 2013, Mr Thabo Toka Mack Masia (hereinafter referred to as “Masia”) presented himself by appointment at the Atteridgeville Magistrates’ Court in Pretoria before a maintenance (“papgeld”) officer for an enquiry in terms of the Maintenance Act 99 of 1998 pertaining to the maintenance of his minor child.
Read More - S v Albro Mclean. Case no: (A112/21) [2021] ZAWCHC158 High Court Cape Town dated 12 August 2021 and 2021(2) SACR 437 (WCC)
Mr Albro Mclean, the accused, was convicted of rape in the Wynberg regional court in the Cape Peninsula whereupon he was sentenced to life incarceration.

Letters - June 2022

On Monday 9 May 2022, the National Commissioner of the SAPS, Gen Fannie Masemola along with members of his management team conducted a site visit at the joint operational centre (JOC) for search and rescue teams at the Virginia Airport in Durban.
Saturday 14 May 2022 was to be yet another day of search, rescue and recovery operations in the disaster areas of KwaZulu-Natal following the flood devastation a few weeks earlier.
June Magazine Cover

Servamus' Mission

Servamus is a community-based safety and security magazine for both members of the community as well as safety and security practitioners with the aim of increasing knowledge and sharing information, dedicated to improving their expertise, professionalism and service delivery standards. It promotes sound crime management practices, freedom of speech, education, training, information sharing and a networking platform.