• With numerous types of scams around, it is vital that we know how to pay attention to avoid falling victim to these scammers. Our Community Safety Tips published from p48 in Servamus: August 2022 provides valuable tips on spotting scams.

  • Scammers are greedy con-artists who want to make as much money as they can and without thinking about the harm they cause to others. Our article published from p10 in Servamus: August 2022, warn readers about a variety of scams to watch out for.

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Compiled by Annalise Kempen

We all know someone who has been struggling with an addiction - ranging from prescription medication to illegal drugs, alcohol to gambling or even shopping. When that addict is a sibling, a direct family member or a parent, it is often much more difficult to explain the addiction to the children - even though it is vital to be honest throughout the process if we want to maintain some form of respect and trust and ensure that the relationship will continue in future.

Difference between abuse and addiction
When it comes to substances, we often use the terms abuse and addiction interchangeably - without considering that there is a slight difference. Someone might abuse a substance, such as alcohol, without being addicted to it - for example when a person binge drinks over weekends, but goes without drinking a drop of alcohol in the following weeks. Or, if someone is smoking dagga regularly during the week, it does not mean that she or he has an addiction, although it means that she or he is abusing the drug, which can lead to an addiction. Addiction therefore means that a person has no control over whether he or she uses a drug or alcohol or sniffs glue. A person who is addicted to cocaine or alcohol has grown so used to that substance that he or she has to have it. Addiction can be physical, psychological or both (kidshealth.org, nd).

The Cape Town Drug Counselling Centre (CTDCC) (nd) explains that addiction is a chronic illness which must be understood and managed on a lifelong basis. It is not about weak morals, poor self-discipline, bad behaviour or a character defect, but rather an inability to consistently control the use of mood- or mind-altering substances. Whereas non-addicts can have a glass of wine at a dinner party, an addict is likely to use more than planned, and in a self-harming way, whenever they use the substance(s) they are addicted to. Addiction is a progressive illness where the amount and the consequences of what they use increase over time. Using that which they are addicted to, such as alcohol or drugs, will become their priority over other responsibilities and people in their lives.

Physical addiction
When someone is physically addicted, it means that person’s body has become dependent on a particular substance (it may even be cigarettes as some people are addicted to smoking). It further means that the person has built a tolerance for that substance, necessitating them to use a larger dose than before to get the same effect. When someone with a physical addiction stops using that substance, they are likely to experience physical withdrawal symptoms which can include diarrhoea, shaking and a general awful feeling (kidshealth.org).


[This is an extract of an article published in Servamus: June 2022. If you are interested in reading the rest of this month’s Community Safety Tips in which we also discuss psychological addiction, dealing with a parent with an addiction, the importance of communication and where we provide advice for children and valuable contact details for help with addiction and support, send an e-mail to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. to find out what you need to do to access the article. Ed.]

Servamus - August 2022

In these tough economic times one cannot blame people if they want their money to grow, especially when good returns are promised, as in the case of cryptocurrencies.
By Kotie Geldenhuys
Diamonds are not only one of the most beautiful gemstones, it is also the most durable substance known to mankind.
By Kotie Geldenhuys
In a country where 7.9 million people are unemployed (StatsSA, 2022), it comes as no surprise that many people fall for employment scams.
By Kotie Geldenhuys
Every year, more and more light is shed on the cruelty behind the breeding industry that is often kept hidden from the public by breeders.
Article and photos provided by the National Council of SPCAs

Pollex - August 2022

General Notice 642 of 2021, issued in terms of section 19(2) of the Defence Act 42 of 2002 by the Minister of Defence and Military Veterans is published in Government Gazette No 45419 dated 2 November 2021.
Introduction Have you, the reader (in particular law enforcement officers) ever heard of the following?

Letters - August 2022

Congratulations to the following Servamus subscribers who have each won a book in the past few months’ book review competitions:
A resolution adopted in 2018, by a group of retired and serving members of the South African Police Service (SAPS) to reach out to needy families, recently benefitted the Tlapu family in Tantanana village outside Phokeng, Rustenburg.
Aug Magazine Cover

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