• Physical evidence is the silent witness in criminal cases which is why it should not be contaminated and why the chain of custody is vital. Read our article published from p20 in Servamus: August 2021 to learn more about evidence and the story it tells.

  • The reconstruction of a crime scene is a vital step to give the court an idea of what happened at a crime scene. Our article published from p34 in Servamus: August 2021 explains what the process entails.

  • Various role-players from within the SAPS can help to provide specialised information about the scene, the victim and the suspect at a crime scene. Our article published from p23 in Servamus: August 2021 highlights these role-players.

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By Annalise Kempen

This tweet left me with much to think about:
“So my 8 year old met the guy in my life for the first time and he asked him for permission to call him dad.

What broke my heart is the way he started the conversation. ‘Do you know that I don’t have a dad? The one I USED to have disappeared.”

Another mother echoed this tweet:
“My 4 yr old asked me ‘Mama why does my dad hate me?’, ‘Why doesn’t he love me?’, ‘When will he take me to school?’ How does one answer those types of questions?”

These two tweets, which embody the realities for many single
mothers and their children, were answered with the following tweet: “Kids really love to have daddies in their lives.”

In 2018, Statistics SA revealed that 76% of children younger than 18 years lived with their biological mothers, while 36.4% of children lived with their biological fathers (StatsSA, 2021). When such a large percentage of children do not have the privilege of having both parents to help, teach and guide them into adulthood, what impact does that have on these children’s lives? Should other men in society such as teachers, or in their families such as an uncle or a grandfather play a more significant role in these children’s lives? Or, should the community and the law put more pressure on the absent parent to fulfil their parental role in their children’s lives?

The role of fathers in their children’s lives
Each parent plays a significant role in their children's lives - a role that impacts on their children and which help to shape them into the person they eventually become. The American Pediatrics Association of Franklin (Nd) informs us that children look to their father to not only lay down rules, but also enforce them, while they simultaneously look to their fathers to provide a feeling of security on both a physical and emotional level. Where fathers are affectionate and supportive, it has a positive impact on their children's cognitive and social well-being, while it also instils an overall sense of well-being and self-confidence. An important factor which this Association highlights is that, while girls are likely to model their relationships with others based on their father's character, boys will model themselves after their father's character. If for example a boy gets from his father to be caring and treat others with respect, the young boy is likely to grow up to do the same (Pediatrics Associates of Franklin, Nd). 

Julian Jansen, a well-known South African journalist and the author of Seuns sonder pa's (English: Boys without fathers) reminds us that a father is supposed to be his daughter's "first love" and his son's "first hero".

Children who have fathers who are involved in their lives, are also more likely to enjoy school because they have a better attitude towards school, participate in extracurricular activities and complete their school career (Allen and Daly, 2002). But, if a father is absent, young boys will look to other men to find and "set the rules" on how they are to behave and survive in this world (Pediatrics Associates of Franklin, Nd). This is often the reason why boys join gangs where they are accepted (Jansen, 2021), have a sense of belonging for protection and a sense of identity (Childnet International, Nd). In an article published by the Minnesota Psychological Association, Jerrod Brown (Nd) confirms that a high percentage of gang members come from homes where their fathers are absent most possibly due to a need for a sense of belonging, which is an important element for all individuals. Gangs provide youngsters with a sense of community and acceptance, while the gang leader may fill the role of a father, even though he will lead his members to model their behaviour on him. Having a father, or at least a significant father figure and positive role-model in the child's life will greatly reduce the likelihood of a child joining a gang.

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[This is only an extract of an article published in Servamus: May 2021. If you are interested reading the rest of this article where send an e-mail to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..]

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Servamus - August 2021

Television series have played a significant role in creating public interest about forensic science and the investigation of crime.
By Annalise Kempen
Despite Hollywood’s portrayal in numerous television programmes, crime scene investigation is a difficult and time-consuming task that cannot be completed in a couple of minutes.
By Kotie Geldenhuys
Fire and water - two elements of nature that result in opposite reactions: when one stares at a firepit or a bonfire and listens to the sound of water such as a waterfall or waves breaking, it typically makes one calm and relaxed.
By Annalise Kempen
Every crime scene tells a story which is why it is of utmost importance that proper crime scene management is implemented to prevent the destruction of any evidence that might be found at a scene.
By Kotie Geldenhuys

Pollex - August 2021

In two recent, different and unrelated case law, namely -
Read More - Minister of Transport v Brackenfell Trailer Hire (Pty) Ltd and Other 2021 (1) SACR 463 (SCA)
Role-players in this matter are: National Minister of Transport = the appellant;
Read More - S v Gabani 2021 (1) SACR 562 (ECB)
This Gabani case took place between the Mdantsane Magistrates’ Court and the High Court in Bhisho in the Eastern Cape.

Letters - August 2021

Dudley Maharaj was born in Pietermaritzburg in 1936 and recently turned 85 years of age.
NAME: W/O L H Zandberg STATION: Pretoria Central Magistrates’ Court
August Magazine Cover

Servamus' Mission

Servamus is a community-based safety and security magazine for both members of the community as well as safety and security practitioners with the aim of increasing knowledge and sharing information, dedicated to improving their expertise, professionalism and service delivery standards. It promotes sound crime management practices, freedom of speech, education, training, information sharing and a networking platform.