• In what ways did the lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic impact on the illegal drug trade? We explore how traders changed their modi operandi in an article published from p14 in Servamus: June 2022.

  • Dogs are known for their excellent sense of smell. Read our article published from p30 in Servamus: June 2022 about how a South African company has trained dogs to also detect COVID-19.

  • The floods of April 2022 caused havoc and death in KwaZulu-Natal. Fortunately, hundreds of search and rescue specialists used their skills to help search for those who were in need. Refer to an article published from p36 in Servamus: June 2022.

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Article and photo provided by the National Council of SPCAs

Whether you want to believe it or not: organised crime targeting animals exists! The first example that comes to mind is syndicated dogfighting, while other covert offences of cruelty against animals include sexual abuse. These offences do not necessarily happen in the open which is why there is a need for a specialised unit to research, investigate and combat crimes of this nature.

The Special Investigations Unit (SIU) of the National Council of SPCAs (NSPCA) is a team of qualified individuals who specialise in investigating crimes relating to animal fighting, animal sexual abuse cases and premeditated animal cruelty. The Unit's breakthroughs and successes, especially with regard to dogfighting and the sexual abuse of animals, have led to the rescue, veterinary treatment and rehabilitation of many animals, periods of incarceration, or both.

What is bestiality?
Bestiality is an act in which a person has any form of sexual encounter with an animal. This includes masturbation and/or any penetration whatsoever of the genital organs, mouth or anus of the animal or vice versa. Bestiality is ILLEGAL in South Africa in terms of section 13 of the Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters) Amendment Act 32 of 2007 and section 2 of the Animals Protection Act 71 of 1962. Studies consistently support the significant correlation between sexually abusing animals (bestiality) and sexual offences against humans.

Bestiality is considered to be a paraphilia disorder. Paraphilia is described as the "abnormal love" or sexual deviation marked by abnormal fantasies, feelings and behaviours that lead to sexual arousal. We refer to a paraphilia disorder when these behaviours typically involve non-human objects, children or other non-consenting persons and may require the suffering or humiliation of the subject in order to attain sexual gratification. Zoophilia is the term which is used when the paraphilia involves an animal as the sexual object. The act or fantasy of engaging in sexual activity with animals is repeatedly preferred or the exclusive method of achieving sexual excitement and gratification.

Why should we be concerned?
Individuals convicted of sexual offences with animals have been identified to be the most indiscriminate and deviant sexual offenders, showing the highest degree of cross-over rate for deviant sexual offending. Sexual abuse of animals has also been recognised as one of the early warning signs of psychological dysfunction and mental disorders, including conduct disorder in children and adolescents, and antisocial personality disorder in adults.
Studies show that bestiality is associated with other psychological disorders that include heightened aggressive behaviour towards humans and is found most commonly among violent offenders and sexual offenders. Individuals who sexually abuse animals have the potential to become more extreme over time. A large percentage of bestiality perpetrators report that they find this act attractive as there is no need for interpersonal interaction or negotiation.
There is a higher rate or likelihood that perpetrators of bestiality (especially when perpetrators are children) have been victims of abuse or neglect themselves.

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[This is an extract of an article published in Servamus: May 2022. If you are interested in reading the rest of this shocking article where we share valuable information about why bestiality occurs, the signs and give practical tips for veterinarians and investigating officers, send an e-mail to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. to find out what you need to do. Ed.]

Servamus - June 2022

According to the World Drug Report for 2021, as released by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), drug use resulted in the deaths of almost half a million people in 2019 (UNODC, 2021).
By Kotie Geldenhuys
In December 2011, 38-year-old Janice Bronwyn Linden from Durban was executed in China.
By Kotie Geldenhuys
WhatsApp and Telegram have become popular tools to send messages quickly and at almost no cost.
By Annalise Kempen
We all know someone who has been struggling with an addiction - ranging from prescription medication to illegal drugs, alcohol to gambling or even shopping.
Compiled by Annalise Kempen

Pollex - June 2022

Section 304(4) of the Criminal Procedure Act 51 of 1977 (“the CPA”) provides as follows:
Read More - S v Essop (Case no 432/2020) [2021] ZASCA 66 (1 June 2021) (SCA)
Mr Aadiel Essop, the accused, pleaded guilty before the regional court (“the trial court”) on 45 counts of contravening section 24B(1)(a) of the Films and Publications Act 65 of 1996 (hereinafter referred to as the “Publications Act”), as well as one count of common law kidnapping (Afrikaans: “gemenereg menseroof”).
Read More - Minister of Justice (First Appellant) and Minister of Police (Second Appellant) v Masia 2021 (2) SACR 425 (GP)
Picture the following: On 6 August 2013, Mr Thabo Toka Mack Masia (hereinafter referred to as “Masia”) presented himself by appointment at the Atteridgeville Magistrates’ Court in Pretoria before a maintenance (“papgeld”) officer for an enquiry in terms of the Maintenance Act 99 of 1998 pertaining to the maintenance of his minor child.
Read More - S v Albro Mclean. Case no: (A112/21) [2021] ZAWCHC158 High Court Cape Town dated 12 August 2021 and 2021(2) SACR 437 (WCC)
Mr Albro Mclean, the accused, was convicted of rape in the Wynberg regional court in the Cape Peninsula whereupon he was sentenced to life incarceration.

Letters - June 2022

On Monday 9 May 2022, the National Commissioner of the SAPS, Gen Fannie Masemola along with members of his management team conducted a site visit at the joint operational centre (JOC) for search and rescue teams at the Virginia Airport in Durban.
Saturday 14 May 2022 was to be yet another day of search, rescue and recovery operations in the disaster areas of KwaZulu-Natal following the flood devastation a few weeks earlier.
June Magazine Cover

Servamus' Mission

Servamus is a community-based safety and security magazine for both members of the community as well as safety and security practitioners with the aim of increasing knowledge and sharing information, dedicated to improving their expertise, professionalism and service delivery standards. It promotes sound crime management practices, freedom of speech, education, training, information sharing and a networking platform.